GD and Lecturette Topics ~ Which is the biggest problem our country is facing?
Guys I will always recommend you to, that before going for your SSB interview you should prepare some of the important Group Discussion and Lecturette topics that likely to be asked in your GTO section. This topic will cover the three aspects i.e. a general idea on Illiteracy, poverty and population. In GD you are supposed to come to a
|GTO Section- GD topics|
India today is a country of more than 1 billion people. We as a nation are faced by number of problems. The Illiteracy, poverty and population are the main issues. These three problems are interrelated and it is like a big tree where Illiteracy is a trunk of the tree, poverty is like the branches and Population is like the leaves. For our country to progress we need to tackle all three simultaneously.
India’s literacy rate today stands at 65%. Out of every 100 persons who join class, barely 30 complete class V. 28% of schools have either one or no teacher at all. Our founding fathers had promised in the directive principles of the constitution (1950) to provide within 10 years free and compulsory education for all the children under the age of 14 years. Ten years have stretched to 50 years. On the human resource index we today stand at 154 out of 201 nations. Two third of our population is poor which earns they do not have the minimum level of education necessary for functioning of the human capabilities. Take the example of china, which made primary education free and compulsory as late as 1986.
Literacy rate in India Males:75.85% Females: 54.16%
We have the highest number of poor and hungry people in the world. Almost 36% of population go to bed without “ Two square meals a day ”. Despite the national food grain output touching a record high of 189.6 million tones in 1995, India is not free from chronic and endemic starvation. Incidently India’s food production is higher than China yet everybody in the communist country has enough to eat. In India, however, one out of every two children under five is malnourished. The problem is low purchasing power of people. Most of our population is a vast unorganized sector, which is characterized by low production and low income. Even if these people work for 14 hours a day they do not make enough to buy food. The “Public Distribution System” (PDS ) meets the need of only 25% of the population. As for poverty alleviation schee such as “integrated Rural Development Program”, “Jawahar Rozgar Yozna”, only 15 paise of every rupee actually spent reaches the poor. The solution resets in creating the employment opportunities and in working fro botto up.
India officially had a population of 1179,652,599 on april 2010. Between 2035 and 2050A.d we will well supass China. The “crude Birth Rate” in India is 27.4, while china has bought it down to 16. If we make a random survey we shall find that still there are women as well as men who are not able to grasp why they should have less children. The television instructs through advertisements and tableaus about the merit of a small, manageable family. But still there are families that suffer from diehard . They consider adoption as an unholy activity. Again the backward tradition of professional ancestry is also firmly rooted in a large cross-section of our Indian society. A blacksmith, a carpenter, a mason or a tailor promptly trains his children to pick up the trade of their father. Naturally they have a psychological make-up that the more sons they have the more they can employ. Thus a laborer produces more as that mean more income.
Men, themselves must realize the merits of a small family. Another factor that encourages the growth-rate is religion. Some communities consider any mandate or statutory method of prohibition to be sacrilegious. India being a secular state, she cannot exercise any check or restraint on religious grounds. Some political party tried to circumvent intelligently this difficulty over religious freedom. It decided to increase the tuition fee of the boys in proportion to the number of their brothers. Those having more brothers were charged more. According to the laws of moral propriety, the reverse should have been the case. That is, the more the brothers, the lesser the fees, so that a lesser load is placed on the guardian. But the purpose of the law was to exercise a check on the birth-rate.
Education at the grass root, more equitable distribution of the natural wealth, restrictions on religious fanatics that would damage the country’s economy by unnecessary births, and lastly, weight age to voting not by number but by some other method – these alone can bring about a kind of effective control over the population problem.